There are 550 – 650 surgical fires each year in the United States, and these fires are almost all preventable. The CMS Final Rule on Fire Safety Requirements for Certain Health Care Facilities that was published in May 2016 specifically adopted the 2012 Edition of NFPA 99, which details NEW and SPECIFIC requirements that requires Fire Loss Prevention in Operating Rooms (Section 15.13) in hospitals, out-patient surgical departments and ambulatory surgery centers.
These programs are required to include:
This will include a survey of the surgical areas with customized plans outlining roles and responsibilities of the surgical team and leadership during a fire or evacuation. Interviews on current practices for prevention of surgical fires will take place at this time.
Training under actual fire conditions has proven to be the most effective approach in preparing staff and reducing the chance for the loss of life in a real fire. The training will focus on:
What is causing surgical fires and how do we prevent them?
What are the steps you should take to suppress airway, oral cavity, surgical site, and drape fires?
What are the roles of the surgical team during a fire?
How do you break down equipment and evacuate if fire or smoke conditions force you from the OR?
These exercises will assist staff in becoming more familiar with their roles in fire suppression and evacuation. Staff will drill on who has responsibility for the patient, medical gas shut-offs, etc. This program will involve all staff in performing realistic fire suppression on a mock patient.